Volume 1 Issue 2
Anatomical Evaluation of Great Saphenous Vein as Material for Conduit in Bypass Surgery for Critical Limb Ischemia
Tetsukuni Kogure, Tomohisa Nagasao*, Takanori Miki, Hiroo Kudo, Motoki Tamai, Yusuke Hamamoto, Yoshio Tanaka
The great saphenous vein (GSV) often presents partial hypoplasty. The present study elucidates the frequency of hypoplasty and the positional tendency with which GSVs present hypoplasty. GSVs taken from 41 lower limbs of embalmed cadavers were divided into four types according to the positions of their hypoplastic parts. They are, Type 1: GSVs that don’t present hypoplasty; Type 2a: GSVs in which hypoplasty is located in the upper thigh; Type 2b: GSVs in which hypoplasty is located in the lower thigh; Type 2c: GSVs in which hypoplasty extends to both the upper thigh and lower thigh.
New Systematic Terminology of Cortical Bone Areas for Osseo-Fixated Implants in Strategic Oral Implantology
Stefan Ihde, Antonina A. Ihde, Valeriy Lysenko, V. Konstantinovic, Lukas Palka*
In traditional dental implantology there are numerous classifications available, which consider the height of the available bone and width of the alveolar ridge. Those classifications usually include the crestal (i.e. oral) cortical, the opposing cortical bone in the upper jaw and the spongious bone if present, and inform us about the limitations of implant placement by directing landmarks or guiding reconstructive procedures.
Dorsal Metacarpal Arteries: Missing and Incorrect Terms
Christopher George lutterodt*, Abba de Leo, Chris Abela
Extensive review of the literature has highlighted significant discrepancies regarding the nomenclature of the dorsal metacarpal arteries despite the anatomical findings first described as far back as 1911 remaining consistent. The variation in terminology has therefore caused considerable confusion amongst many readers. We seek to offer clarification of these inconsistent anatomical terms through a review of the current literature.